PART 2 of Public Trust in Evanston, IL: National Cracks being Exposed in Chicago Suburb

Posted August 25, 2019


On August 3, 2019, I published a blog about how local civic life at the official level is reflecting national tensions. The heart of my blog (now Part 1 of Public Trust in Evanston, IL: National Cracks being Exposed in Chicago Suburb) is this paragraph:

“On July 12, 2019, Evanston’s Mayor put a stake in the ground that caused some of Evanston’s cracks to become even more exposed. Unfortunately, the July 15th City Council discussion and vote to table the Mayor’s resolution to censure the City Clerk was just another stonewalling of the public’s need for information. It took a whistleblower, leaking a draft memorandum later that night, to force officials to notice the cracks in the public trust. As of today, August 3, the aftershocks have not stopped. My thanks to the whistleblower.”

The biggest and most public aftershock was the Mayor’s July 26th letter to the Cook County Sheriff requesting a criminal investigation into the leaked memorandum. With that letter, the original stake was pounded deeper into the hardpan of Evanston’s public process, exposing more cracks in the public trust (and creating new ones). So far, there has been no response from the Sheriff’s office or further developments from the City. It is likely that many officials have been on vacation during August.The next City Council meeting is Sept. 9.

NEW AFTERSHOCK: Comments by Ald. Peter Braithwaite
However, as of August 20, an additional aftershock from the July 15th meeting has been surfacing and spreading, again thanks to watchful citizens. During the Call of the Wards (the end of every Council meeting), these dedicated citizens heard (and now have shared publicly) a city official castigate “white folks” for using the word “racism” in public.

Specifically, Ald. Peter Braithwaite (2nd Ward) said this (transcribed from video):

“I really sit here and have a difficult time when I hear white folks admonishing me and using the word racism like it’s some coined phrase that you just came up with. Unless you’ve walked in my shoes or any one of us blacks sitting back here. I suggest you keep that to yourself. You want to have that conversation internally, I’m a big fan of that, internal versus external conversations. Do that.

“By no means do you stand in any type of judgment where you can sit there and call us racism (sic). This is an amazing town, that I love. We all, behind this dais, give our time, our energy, and sacrifice time away from our family to serve this community for everyone. Sad, really sad, that this issue has become so racially divisive. Love this town, where my kids are able to grow, have whatever conversations, benefit from the diversity, as crazy as it may seem at times. But it’s an amazing town. And whenever I hear that someone says that they want to pack up and leave, I’m like, ‘Go. There’s nothing holding you back.’ For those of us that stay and fight for the values, even in our difficult times, thank you very much. I’m going to stop right there.”
BOARD OF ETHICS agrees to review complaint
Thanks to Albert Gibbs and Trisha Connolly (and a growing interracial coalition), the City of Evanston’s Board of Ethics has agreed to hear a citizen complaint against Ald. Braithwaite. The complaint cites:
—Abuse of power
—Breach of impartiality

—Intimidation by a public official

The hearing will begin on Sept. 17, 2019 (7:00 PM) at the Civic Center. For the record, citizens presenting the complaint at the Board of Ethics meeting on August 20 affirm that no one citing civic racism at the July 15th meeting targeted any individual official. I watched the entire Citizen Comment period of the July 15th meeting live and I heard numerous charges of racism leveled at City government as a whole (and possibly the city as a population of 75,000 people). This is what is meant by “structural” racism. I heard no charges of racism against any single or specific officials.


ADDITIONAL PROBLEMS with Ald. Braithwaite’s comments

The complaint before the Board of Ethics seems to cite only the first paragraph of Ald. Braithwaite’s remarks. I am equally concerned about the second paragraph, for the following reasons:

1. Ald. Braithwaite is confused if he thinks that white people (or anyone) accusing the “City of Evanston” (or the city of Evanston) of racism is identical to accusing him personally (as a Black alderman) of racism. If he thinks that there is no structural racism within the City of Evanston (or hasn’t been structural racism within the City of Evanston), maybe we don’t need an Equity & Empowerment Commission or a discussion of reparations. Or an MWBE (minority & women business) initiative. Or any other initiatives that seek to redress past and on-going structural inequities (which are not limited to biased behavior against Black people).

2. Ald. Braithwaite is incorrect in calling the current divisiveness about the proposal to censure the City Clerk “racial”. The core of this current divisiveness is not racial, per the following two points:

a. The core of the current divisiveness within the City of Evanston (public process) and the city of Evanston (the community at large) is about shared power (democratic process) and access to information (transparency). It is also about public trust, specifically who has the authority to make the rules and who has the authority to break the rules. Current tensions at City Council meetings are not falling along racial lines, but between officials and elites, on the one hand, and grassroots voters, on the other–in other words, along power lines.

I wonder if Ald. Braithwaite is actually objecting to
—“white” people’s support of a Black official (City Clerk) who the embedded elite power structure (white & black) can’t control

—a developing grassroots interracial coalition that prioritizes open and participatory government, in contrast to Evanston’s North Shore traditions of insider and “dais” decision-making

b. If I recall correctly, the charges of racism against the City of Evanston at the July 15th Citizen Comment were not only made by “white” people. Numerous people commented on the seemingly racist nature of (1) the motion to censure the City Clerk (and proceedings that led up to it), (2) the City of Evanston’s treatment of the City Clerk since before he was elected, and/or (3) the behavior of other City officials (elected and staff) during the past two years (more or less).

3.  It is concerning that a long-time alderman seems to be inattentive not only during Citizen Comment but to the robust national and local conversations taking place daily about
a. the rise of authoritarianism through
–attempts to control free speech (especially criticism of authority)
–promoting dissension between minority groups (divide and conquer)
b. the value of racial allyship and intersectional allyship in combating authoritarianism

c. mature and loving citizenship as specifically inclusive of the mandate to criticize (when necessary)

Numerous national events have recently provided extensive opportunity for this kind of learning, in many media outlets and various formats. Two recent and relevant discussions come to mind:

a.  Ald. Braithwaite’s mistaken conflation of the City of Evanston and himself as a person is similar to the current and on-going conflation of the current government of Israel with all Jewish people.

b. Ald. Braithwaite’s words encouraging people who criticize the City of Evanston to “Go” resonates negatively with the U.S. president’s July 14th Tweet to four sitting Congresswomen (and U.S. citizens) to “go back” where they came from.

TIME TO REWRITE THE RULES—all of us, together, from the ground up

As I said in Part 1 of this blog, “Evanston public officials (and other Evanston residents) who think that the only problem regarding public trust is “civility” should consider working to (a) redress the injustices, and (b) invite everyone to sit down together to rewrite the rules by which we ALL agree to live in 2019.”

Working on one specific rule here or there is not going to address the deeper issues of elite power structures and injustices embedded in City of Evanston government (and city of Evanston community), as well as at the levels of Cook County, State of Illinois, and U.S. government. A meaningful conversation might be to review ALL of the rules that we live by, starting wtih the U.S. Constitution (my recommendation) and including the Evanston municipal code.

But a first conversation should probably start with: What is the basis for our rules, laws, and protocols in 2019? We know that protecting “white Christian land-owning men” is not working for most of us, including non-humans. As food for thought, I personally would be excited to participate in a “truth & conciliation conversation about race, gender, and class”. This is the idea of an independent candidate for president, Mark Charles (Navajo/Dutch). I am not endorsing him or supporting him directly, but I agree with his formulation that our foundations are cracked. We need to replace the foundation—not only in Evanston but nationally.

July 15, 2019
Call of the Wards
Comments by Ald. Peter Braithwaite
approx. 2 minutes (2:50:55 – 2:52:12)


Aug. 11, 2019

Complaint to Board of Ethics
by Albert Gibbs and Trisha Connolly

Aug. 20, 2019
Board of Ethics meeting
Video by Dan Coyne
—Citizen comments by: Trisha Connolly, Darlene Cannon, Albert Gibbs, Clare Kelly, Allie Harned  (approx. first 30 mins.)

—Decision by Board confirming its jurisdiction over the complaint  (55-minute mark)

Campaign website
Mark Charles for president

Sept. 9, 2019  — Regular City Council meeting (first one in 4 weeks)
Sept. 17, 2019 — Board of Ethics meeting

PUBLIC TRUST IN EVANSTON, IL: National cracks being exposed in a Chicago suburb

Posted August 3, 2019

In April 2017, the City of Evanston had local elections. By a very slim margin, we elected a white disaster capitalist as Mayor (with no previous elected experience). By a very wide margin, we elected a young Black advocate for participatory democracy and government transparency as City Clerk (with no previous elected experience). We elected three new alderpeople and six long-time incumbents.

Apart from the fact that they took office just a few months into the Donald Trump regime, challenges were already apparent (and continue to this day):
–a diverse and divided urban suburb still trying to recover from the 2008-10 recession
–a city manager who was looking to leave Evanston (to move closer to family)
–a newly energized national electorate that translated in Evanston (with an already engaged citizenry) to new groups, new initiatives, and new city structures at even higher volume

The last two years have been intense in Evanston, around issues like FOIA, rebuilding the Robert Crown community center, policing, a new Equity & Empowerment Commission, privatization (Harley Clarke), and always affordable housing and the schools.  “Citizen comment” periods at public meetings are alternately stressful and inspiring, but always frustrating because not a real discussion. Meanwhile, we’ve been keeping one eye on the national scene, watching while deep-seated cracks of injustice and inequality are being exposed and rapidly connecting across the country, becoming more visible to more Americans in more and more communities.

On July 12, 2019, Evanston’s Mayor put a stake in the ground that caused some of Evanston’s cracks to become even more exposed. Unfortunately, the July 15th City Council discussion and vote to table the Mayor’s resolution to censure the City Clerk was just another stonewalling of the public’s need for information. It took a whistleblower, leaking a draft memorandum later that night, to force officials to notice the cracks in the public trust. As of today, August 3, the aftershocks have not stopped. My thanks to the whistleblower.

I believe that this series of events (still unfolding) will shake Evanston to its core in unintended (and as yet unknown) ways. I have my guesses as to the details, including resignations (staff or elected), decisions not to run again, and proposals for restructuring city government (from officials and voters).

I also have my recommendations. Unlike the Mayor who, in his August 2 newsletter, calls these times “strange”, I find these times a completely logical outcome from hundreds of years of unresolved injustices combined with enormous ratcheting up of inequalities.  As we watch a few millionaires grow into billionaires, we are also watching a fast-paced increase in poverty, stress, racism, misogyny, climate instability, etc., created and/or condoned by U.S. governmental jurisdictions (including the City of Evanston).

Evanston public officials (and other Evanston residents) who think that the only problem regarding public trust is “civility”  should consider working  to (a) redress the injustices, and (b) invite everyone to sit down together to rewrite the rules by which we ALL agree to live in 2019.

For the moment I’m going to keep track of the public record, both primary sources (official documents, videos) and secondary sources (news articles, interviews, etc.). Here’s the unfolding story, link by link.

PS  Here is a link to a recent podcast that may shed some light on Evanston’s post-war politics.  The podcast is based on a 2015 book (Don’t Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party), but the podcast is a very recent interview (Aug. 2, 2019).  Daniel Denvir interviews Lily Geismer.
The Dig Podcast: Race and Class in the Liberal Suburbs

SUBJECT: City of Evanston
Mayor’s Resolution Proposing Censure of City Clerk
Agenda item for July 15, 2019 City Council meeting

(SP8) Resolution 78-R-19, Censuring City of Evanston Clerk Devon Reid for Violating the City of Evanston Heathly Work Environment Policy and the Open Meetings Act and Council Rules Regarding Closed Session Recordings

This resolution recommends that the City Council censure City Clerk Devon Reid for his unprofessional communication and harassment of multiple City employees and violation of the Open Meetings Act and Council Rules.
For Action



July 12  City of Evanston
City Council agenda item posted for July 15 meeting
Mayor’s proposed resolution to censure City Clerk

July 14  Evanston Live TV
Interview with Devon Reid re agenda item
by Meleika Gardner

July 15
 City of Evanston
City Council meeting on mayor’s resolution: motion tabled
Links to Agenda, Actions, Packet, Video

Video  Complete meeting includes Citizen Comment, discussion, and vote on resolution

July 16  Evanston Leads
July 26  City of Evanston

Mayor’s letter to Cook County Sheriff Tom Dart (from Evanston Patch link)

July 29  WGN TV
Video: Evanston mayor requests criminal investigation

by Mike Lowe

July 29  Evanston Live TV
Ald. Ann Rainey threatening to publicly disclose the confidential memo (from City Council meeting Citizen Comment, July 15).  She also walks her threat back in the clip.

Video clip – 1:43 mins.

July 30  WGN TV
Interview with Devon Reid about Mayor’s letter to Cook County Sheriff

by Mike Lowe

July 30  Evanston Patch
Article about Mayor’s letter to Cook County Sheriff (includes link to and copy of letter)
by Jonah Meadows

Aug. 2
 City of Evanston

Newsletter from Mayor re: request for criminal investigation

Aug. 2  Evanston Roundtable 
Article on Mayor’s request for criminal investigation
by Bob Seidenberg

Aug. 2
 Evanston Patch
Article about Mayor’s newsletter

by Jonah Meadows

There has also been coverage by Evanston Now and the Daily Northwestern.